Question on FB concerning Adam and law: “Which law had been transgressed that required the death of humanity? Since where there is no law, there is no transgression.”
Christian response, (I apologize for the length of the narrative)
The moral law or law of conscience (Romans 2:15) has been extant from the creation of the angels. The moral law was created in response to the necessity for free will among God’s created beings; free will being essential for love and relationship with our Creator to manifest with purity and authenticity. God created the moral law and infused same into mankind as we are created in His spiritual image and have received certain communicable attributes from our Creator; this was done primarily for two-reasons:
1) The Moral Law of Conscience acts a bulwark against unrestrained narcissism, hedonism, moral relativism, thereby ensuring the sustainability of human kind as God works through creation via the Son “to destroy the works of the Devil” (1 John 3:8b) which is accomplished via the Gospel ordained “before the beginning of Time” (2 Timothy 1:9-10).
2) The Moral Law of Conscience is of necessity in order that God’s Judgment in Time and in Eternity can manifest with equity, due process; therefore, all of mankind will be “without excuse” (Romans 1:18-32).
Not only was Adam infused with God’s Moral Law of Conscience, but Adam received a Law directly from His Creator to not compromise with evil and the ramifications of same, should Adam disobey, were clearly articulated. Adam relented to the enticement of his wife, Eve, and sought the knowledge of evil in lieu of obedience to God’s Law; therefore, spiritual death, a chasm between God and man, manifest immediately and physiological death manifest in due time.
Adam’s rejection of God’s Covenant of Sustenance and Provision manifest in a curse upon the human genome and nature thereby setting forth the introduction of the Son born of the seed of the woman (virgin) who would do battle with the originator of evil (Genesis 3:15) and the strategy used to destroy the works of the Evil One was pictured in Genesis 3:21 (A Gospel of grace not works). The following Scripture within the Canon, as inspired by the Holy Spirit, simply details this cosmic war between good and evil having been placed within the Realm of Time as God set-apart a people group to be His sign-post or historical and eschatological marker identifying where God is positioned in the framework of Time by observing this chosen people-group and their historical station in Time from moment to moment.
Finally, it is important to remember that mankind was created to live eternally and it is sin, rebellion, rejection of God, that has resulted in death of the human species, why? God the Father has ordained the Kingdom as inhospitable to sin; therefore, mankind’s sin will not be permitted to enter the Kingdom (Revelation 21:27); in fact, this is the causation for the creation narrative as sin was introduced into the Kingdom by a rebellious cherub angel necessitating the extrication of sin and the sin-bearer from the Kingdom and a repository for the Evil One on this Earth as God deals with him and his sin partially constrained by Time and physics. It is the foolishness of man that suggests God will wink at our sin and permit our entrance into the Kingdom void repentance and atonement as God Himself suffered and died to provide atonement via His selfless and eternal love.