Question posited on FB: “Anne Frank died a young girl in the concentration camp at Auschwitz. She died Jewish. So what happened to her when she died, Heaven or…??
If Anne had faith in God and believed that He is true, God acted upon that faith just as He did for Enoch, Abraham, Rehab, Elijah, David and many others beginning with the Genesis. From the beginning of Time, righteousness (a right standing) with God the Father has been attainable by grace through faith, alone.
Messiah Yeshua was necessary for the atonement of sin because God the Father is not going to permit destructive, unrepentant sin to enter His Kingdom subsequent to the death of the body in Time (Revelation 21:27); therefore, those who died in faith before the Advent of Messiah, their disembodied spirit was detained in the region Messiah describes as Sheol-Hades/Paradise or Abraham’s Bosom (Luke 16). The Holy Spirit teaches that while Messiah’s body laid in the tomb subsequent to the Crucifixion, His Spirit entered Hades-Sheol and exclaimed freedom to the captives there and they were taken into the presence of the Father in the Kingdom (1 Peter 3; Matthew 27:50; Acts 2:31; Colossians 2:15; Ephesians 4:8-10).
Today, everyone who dies having placed their faith in Messiah-Yeshua as Lord, their sin is atoned-for by that faith and at the moment they exhale their last breath, they are escorted instantaneously into the presence of our Lord (2 Corinthians 5:8).