Sabbath Keepers v. Sunday Worshipers
Concerning the sects, cults, legalists, pharisees, Sabbath keepers, Judaizers, who insist that Christians must observe the Sabbath as opposed to Sunday as a day of worship; I have some questions for you…
1) Do you not find it odd that Moses, the writer of the Genesis by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the same man of God who received the Commandments on Sinai and recorded the 613-Levitical Laws as given specifically to the children of Israel, this same Moses has noted God’s command to Adam to care for the Garden, to cultivate it, to keep it, yet not one word concerning a Sabbath’s rest for Adam and Adam’s posterity (Genesis 2:15)? Was not every man and woman from Adam forward constrained by the Law of Conscience as mentioned by Paul in Romans 2:15?
2) Do you not find it odd that Noah was a righteous man, blameless before the Lord and that God destroyed the entire human population save Noah and seven of his family and Noah sacrificed to the Lord yet not one word concerning a Sabbath’s rest? Consider this, even the Jewish tradition of the extra-biblical Noahide Laws allegedly (by tradition) given to Adam and Noah did not articulate a Sabbath’s edict,
1. Do not profane God’s Oneness in any way.
2. Do not curse your Creator.
3. Do not murder.
4. Do not eat a limb of a living animal.
5. Do not steal.
6. Harness and channel the human libido.
7. Establish courts of law and ensure justice in our world.
3) Do you not find it odd that Abraham believed God and it was counted to him as righteousness (Genesis 15:6) because God exclaimed that Abraham “…obeyed Me and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes and My laws” (Genesis 26:5) yet not one word concerning a Sabbath’s rest? Many inquire concerning the commandments and statutes and laws of God given to Abraham, possibly the Noahide Laws (?), but we know that these were not duplicates to the Commandments given Moses on Sinai or the 613-Levitical Laws as there would be no need for redundancy yet again, no precedent for Abraham ever having observed a Sabbath’s rest.
4) Do you not find it odd that the Patriarchy of the Jewish Nation i.e. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, were never given a Sabbath edict nor is there Scriptural precedent for these men of God having observed a Sabbath?
5) Do you not find it odd that the Sabbath edict and the entire Law of Moses was given ONLY to the children of Israel and converts to Judaism and NEVER was said edict given to the Gentile Nations yet far too many today aggressively and legalistically demand that the Sabbath be observed by Christian Gentiles and Messianic Jews who choose to worship on Sunday via their freedom in Christ?
6) Do you not find it odd that Jesus Christ refused to obey the Pharisaical edicts concerning the Sabbath and violated these edicts in their presence (Luke 6:1-11) as Jesus exclaimed that He is the Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:8) and that the Sabbath was made for man – not man for the Sabbath (Mark 2:27)?
7) Do you not find it odd that even though Jesus articulated “I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd.” (John 10:16), that Jesus never commanded that the Gentiles keep the 613-Levitical Laws, the 10-Commandments nor was there any emphasis on the Sabbath edict for the Gentile?
8) Do you not find it odd that when Jesus was questioned by teachers of the Law relevant to the Greatest Commandment in the Law Jesus replied,
36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”
37 Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.” Matthew 22:36-40
Yet, no mention of the Sabbath Day edict?
9) Do you not find it odd that when the early Church had been initiated by the Holy Spirit, subsequent to Messiah’s Ascension, that the Apostles were confronted by the Pharisees who demanded that Gentile Proselytes in the Church be circumcised and obey the Law of Moses yet the Apostles opted to convene the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15) and by inspiration of God the Holy Spirit, the Jerusalem Council decided that the Gentiles were not to be burdened with the Law of Moses as even the children of Israel were not able to keep the Law and that the Gentiles should only be commanded to obey the following,
“For it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay on you no greater burden than these requirements: 29 that you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. Farewell.” Acts 15:28-29 (ESV)
In addition to the Jerusalem Council, we read the following from the Apostle Paul concerning ceremonial days and relevant edicts and a Christian’s freedom in Christ,
“5 One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. 6 The one who observes the day, observes it in honor of the Lord. The one who eats, eats in honor of the Lord, since he gives thanks to God, while the one who abstains, abstains in honor of the Lord and gives thanks to God. 7 For none of us lives to himself, and none of us dies to himself. 8 For if we live, we live to the Lord, and if we die, we die to the Lord. So then, whether we live or whether we die, we are the Lord’s. 9 For to this end Christ died and lived again, that he might be Lord both of the dead and of the living.
10 Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God; 11 for it is written,
“As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me,
and every tongue shall confess to God.”
12 So then each of us will give an account of himself to God. Romans 14:5-12 (ESV)
Additionally, Paul concludes the matter of Sabbath worship and the Christian in this manner,
16 Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath. 17 These are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ. Colossians 2:16-17 (ESV)
Conclusion of the matter,
If anyone who trusts in Jesus Christ as Lord desires to worship on the Sabbath or observe the Sabbath’s rest and ordinances, they are free in Jesus Christ to do so with the knowledge that such observance does NOT establish righteousness (a right standing) with God the Father (Ephesians 2:8-9). God is not a God of a day but God is a God of the heart and His concern is intimate relationship with those who trust in the Son, Jesus Christ as Lord for the mediation of sin (John 6:40).
Every born-again Christian walking-out their sanctification in the Spirit is FREE to worship any day or every day they choose to honor our Lord and His goodness. NO ONE possesses the authority or the right to condemn a Christian for worshiping on Sunday or any day they so choose and to judge a Christian for worshiping on Sunday is legalism, Pharisaical heresy and an insult to the grace and mercy earned for us at the Crucifixion by Jesus Christ who is our Sabbath’s rest (Hebrews 4); Jesus Christ is the end of the Law concerning righteousness (Romans 10:4); therefore, the Christian no longer struggles or labors in the Law of Moses seeking to find justification and righteousness in a Law that only defines sin and condemns one to death but the Christian finds life in the Spirit given to all who believe that Jesus is God and Mediator for our sin (Romans 3:4-6; Ephesians 1:13-14).
The Covenant of Grace in Jesus Christ will remain valid until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in (Romans 11:25) at which Time Messiah will initiate His Millennial Reign and the Law of Moses will find relevance among the Millennial Jews in that dispensation (Ezekiel 45 & 46).